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Stilted House

Tujia Stilted House

Stilted House - Architecture

The stilted house, a kind of folk residence built on the stilts of different heights, is usually built beside the river or in steep mountain areas. The stilted house is usually divided into two parts, the front part and the rear part. The front part is a storied building built on the ground and similar to the fence-style building, while the rear part is a bungalow. In front of the house is a corridor formed by wood railings with a height of about 1 meter. Suspended windows were equipped in some houses for rest and enjoying cool. Sundries can be stored under the floor, and, by this, the space is utilized smartly. The space of the stilted house is arranged facilely in various shapes. The shortage of construction land is relatively relieved, for the stilted house makes use of the hillside or river, which is originally not suitable for building houses. Furthermore, it has the advantages of aeration, moisture-proof, viper defense, and wild animal defense.

Stilted House – Birth

Chongqing city is a mountainous area in which many ethnic groups live, including Han, Tujia, Miao, etc. In this area, the chain of mountains runs up and down, rivers densely distributed, and trees abundant. The unique geographic environment, together with the condition that many ethnic groups live here, has given birth to the stilted house which is unique, elegant, close to rivers and mountains, and abundant in trees.

Stilted House – Cultural Feature

The integration of cultures of various ethnic groups has endowed the Chongqing stilted house with rich and diversified cultural connotations. For example, the stilted house of Tujia ethnic minority embodies the universal view of the coexistence of human and God. Moreover, the stilted houses of other ethnic minorities have their own distinctive features.